Do you ever wonder what skin care routines dermatologists use themselves to maintain healthy skin?
Board-certified dermatologists are experts when it comes to the skin and its functions. They are authorities on the body’s largest organ, and have a deep understanding of the wide variety of jobs that skin performs.
Skin provides a protective barrier against infections and chemicals, for example, and protects the body from heat and cold. Skin also prevents the excessive loss of moisture and important proteins. The skin performs many of these processes during the day.
Dermatologists also know that skin switches from “protect” mode to “repair” mode at night, during which skin recovers from the day’s stresses. During sleep, blood flow increases to the skin to deliver restorative oxygen and nutrients. Skin also repairs damage from ultraviolet (UV) rays, reduces wrinkles and age spots, and rebuilds the collagen that gives skin structure and elasticity.
To keep their skin as healthy and radiant as possible, dermatologists adapt skin care routines that support and optimize the natural processes of their skin’s circadian rhythm. In other words, their daytime skin care routine focuses on prevention while their nighttime skin care routine support repair and healing.
After years of study and clinical experience, dermatologists know that a nighttime skin care routine can make all the difference when it comes to radiant, healthy-looking skin. They also know the right products to use – and when to use them – to treat dry or oily skin, acne, wrinkles, dark spots, and other skin issues.
Dermatologists often recommend nighttime skin care routines and products to their patients. Because each person has unique skin and individual skin care needs, dermatologists typically personalize treatment plans according to the client’s skin type, skin problems, and expectations. Dermatologists may also customize their own nighttime skin care routine based on their personal needs.
Your 7-step Dermatologist-approved Nighttime Skincare Routine
While one person’s personalized nighttime skin care routine may involve different products than does another person’s routine, the steps of a nighttime skin care routine should remain the same.
1. Remove your makeup
Dermatologists recommend their patients remove makeup before going to bed. Makeup prevents the skin from breathing and interferes with the skin’s ability to repair itself. It also contains substances that can harm skin.
Left on your skin for hours overnight, oily residue in makeup clogs your pores and lead to acne, blackheads, and other skin imperfections. Wearing makeup to bed can damage your skin, especially the most delicate and sensitive skin around your eyes. Sleeping in makeup can increase risk for eye inflammation, infections, and eyelid redness. Snoozing in makeup can even lead to corneal abrasions as particles in the makeup rub against your cornea, which is the clear outer layer at the front of your eye.
2. Cleanse your skin
Cleansers lift and remove dirt, sweat, oil, and other damaging agents that collect on your skin throughout the day. Use a gentle cleanser that removes grime without stripping your skin of its natural oils or disrupting the balance of beneficial bacteria living on your skin.
Several types of skin cleansers are available for night use. Gel cleansers provide deep cleaning to decongest clogged pores, remove excess oil, and kill the bacteria that cause acne; gel cleansers are best for those who have acne or oily skin. Cream cleansers are gentler and more hydrating than other types, and will not strip your skin of natural oils; these cleansers are best for those with dry or sensitive skin. Foam cleansers are perfect for those with combination skin types, as they are about halfway between gel cleansers and creams when it comes to removing oil gently. Oil cleansers remove dirt without interfering with the skin barrier.
3. Tone your skin
Toners remove the last traces of dirt, grime, and impurities stuck in your pores after you have removed you makeup and cleansed your face. Toning your skin at night may be especially helpful if you have oily skin or significantly plugged pores. Toners also prepare your skin for moisturizers and serums that work overnight to rejuvenate the appearance of your skin.
4. Treat your skin
In this step, apply any personalized treatment recommended by your dermatologist. Your nighttime skin care routine may include spot treatments that involve applying topical creams directly to acne or other problem areas, brightening products or hydrating serum, depending on the needs of your skin.
5. Apply eye cream
Eye cream provides the thin skin around your eyes with targeted treatment for fine lines, crow’s feet, dark circles, and puffy eyes.
6. Moisturize your skin
Your skin needs moisture to stay healthy and youthful-looking during the day – it also helps skin repair itself at night. As we get older, though, our skin loses its ability to retain moisture and this leaves us vulnerable to sagging skin, wrinkles, and unsightly blemishes. Moisturizers seal the skin’s moisture barrier to lock in the essential fluids that help skin repair itself while you sleep.
7. Wear a mask
Masks are a great way to give your skin an extra boost of moisture once or twice a week. They can also clean out your pores to give you fresh, glowing skin. While many people consider masks optional, dermatologists know that regular use of masks can provide exceptional benefits.
For more information on a nighttime skin care routine, consult with your dermatologist at Center for Dermatology & Laser Surgery. Our team of dedicated skin care professionals can help you develop a nighttime skin care routine that provides glowing, radiant skin all day.